Daten-orientierte Modellierung von Sprachspielen

 

Die Nachwuchsgruppe "Daten-orientierte Modellierung von Sprachspielen" studiert Prozesse interaktiver sprachlicher Entscheidungsfindung: Sprecher wählen Äußerungen, Hörer Interpretationen, wobei jeder idealer Weise die Perspektive des anderen berücksichtigt.

Dabei spielt der Kontext eine entscheidende Rolle, aber natürlich können Sprecher und Hörer den Kontext verschieden wahrnehmen. Um Ordnung in diese unübersichtliche Domäne zu bringen, entwickelt die Nachwuchsgruppe probabilistische kognitive  Modelle, die aufbauend auf Erkenntnissen der theoretischen Sprachwissenschaft versuchen, experimentelle Daten zu Sprachproduktion und Sprachverstehen im Kontext mitunter auch quantitativ vorherzusagen.

Damit können etablierte sprachwissenschaftliche Theorien im Detail getestet und verfeinert, und insbesondere kann die Arbeitsteilung zwischen sprachspezifischen und allgemein-kognitiven Fähigkeiten untersucht werden. All dies ist wichtig, um zum Beispiel Prozesse der Sprachevolution oder des Sprachwandels als Folge des kontext-gebundenen, interaktiven Sprachgebrauchs erklären oder Muster sprachlicher Defizite in bestimmten Krankheitsbildern nachvollziehen zu können.

Profile: Gruppenmitglieder

Michael Franke, junior group leader

Michael Franke has a PhD in Philosophy from the University of Amsterdam. Prior to commencing as a junior research group leader, he has been a postdoctoral researcher in Tübingen and Amsterdam. His research interests intersect formal models of human interaction, especially game- and decision theory, theoretical linguistics and cognitive science. He has worked on topics concerning logic, philosophy of language, game theory, language evolution, as well as formal and experimental pragmatics. More information can be found on his homepage.

 

 

Michele Herbstritt, PhD candidate

Michele Herbstritt obtained a MSc in Logic at the Institute for Logic, Language and Computation, Universiteit van Amsterdam and a MA in Philosophy at Università degli Studi di Milano. His research interests lie at the intersection between natural language semantics and pragmatics, philosophy of language and philosophical logic. Currently, he is focusing on the application of empirical methods to the study of the meaning and use of epistemic modals and adverbs of probability in English. More information can be found on his homepage.

 

 

Anthea Schöller, PhD candidate (part of DFG priority program XPrag.de )

Anthea Schöller holds a degree (Erstes Staatsexamen) in English and Mathematics from the University of Tübingen and is currently doing a Master of Arts in English Linguistics at the University of Tübingen. Her research interests are formal and experimental semantics and pragmatics. Currently she is studying quantifiers on the semantics-pragmatics interface. The experimental data we are collecting is used to develop a probabilistic computational model in the tradition of a Bayesian model of cognition which is able to simulate the interaction between speaker and listener in a talk exchange. Anthea’s work is part of the DFG priority program XPrag.de.

 

 

Fabian Dablander, Research Assistant

Fabian Dablander got his BSc in Psychology from the University of Graz, Austria, and is currently pursuing his MSc in Cognitive Science at the University of Tübingen. His research interests focus on higher-order cognition, but overall he is interested in Bayesian statistics, open science, and innovative ways of collecting experimental data. He has experience in programming experiments both for the Web and for smartphones. For more information, see his twitter profile.

 

 

Tobias Elßner, Research Assistant

Tobias Elßner is a BA-student of computational linguistics and general linguistics. He can be reached at: tobias-konrad-elssner-at-student.uni-tuebingen.de

Collaborators

Gerhard Jäger, Department of Linguistics, Tübingen

Judith Degen, Department of Psychology, Stanford