Previous issue: Issue 1, 28.Sept.96

       ___     ___     __________     ___________     ___________ 
      /  /|   /  /|   /  _____  /|   /  ________/|   /  ________/|
     /  /____/  / /  /  /____/ / /  /  / _______|/  /  / _______|/
    /   ____   / /  /  _______/ /  /  /_______     /  / /  ____    
   /  / ___/  / /  /  / _______/   |______   /|   /  / /  /_  /|
  /  / /  /  / /  /  / /         ________/  / /  /  /______/ / /
 /__/ /  /__/ /  /__/ /         /__________/ /  /___________/ / 
 |__|/   |__|/   |__|/          |__________|/   |___________|/  

      ___   ___  ____   ___  ___  ___   ___
     |     |   |    /  |      |    |   |
     |  _  |___|   /   |__    |    |   |__
     |   | |   |  /    |      |    |   |
     |___| |   | /___  |___   |    |   |___       Issue 2, 23.Dec.96

One could also object to existing syntactical efforts by Chomsky and his associates on grounds of adequacy, mathematical precision, and elegance; but such criticism should perhaps await more definitive and intelligible expositions than are yet available.

Montague (Universal Grammar)

Table Of Contents

  1. Editorial
  2. Calls For Papers
  3. Upcoming Events
  4. Reports On Conferences, Workshops, Etc.
  5. News
  6. Ph.D. Projects
  7. Bibliographic Information


Dear HSPG-ers,

This is the second issue of the HPSG Gazette. Christmas seems to be a good time for calls for papers, so we changed two things in the Gazette to keep things readable. There now is a separate section CALL FOR PAPERS and (in the spirit of HPSG we believe) we decided to dissociate the email structure of the Gazette from its WWW structure. Only the basic information concerning calls for papers and upcoming events is contained in the email version while the full information is retained in the WWW edition of the Gazette:

Apart from the usual information, this issue also contains a short article by Stefan Geissler about the decision of IBM headquarters to cancel its HPSG activities in Heidelberg (cf. News).

If you have any comments regarding the form and the contents of the Gazette, please, do not hesitate to share them with us. The quality of this enterprize depends on you!

Merry Christmas and A Happy New Year!
Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein gesundes neues Jahr!
Wesolych Swiat i Szczesliwego Nowego Roku!

Detmar Meurers
Adam Przepiórkowski

Calls For Papers (in order of submission deadlines)

  1. 28th Annual Conference on African Linguistics (ACAL 28)
  2. 6th Annual Polish Association for the Study of English Conference
  3. 35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL-97/EACL-97)
  4. Linguistics Association of Great Britain Spring Meeting 1997
  5. 30th Poznan Linguistic Meeting
  6. 5th Meeting on the Mathematics of Language
  7. LFG 97
  8. Society for Pidgin and Creole Languages
  9. Chicago Linguistics Society
  10. DIALOGUE'97: International Conference on Computational Linguistics and its Applications
  11. Workshop on Structure and Constituency in the Languages of the Americas
  12. 7th Meeting of Southeast Asian Linguistics Society
  13. 6th Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics
  14. 4th International Conference on HPSG
  15. Conference on Computational Psycholinguistics
  16. Annual Israeli Association for Theoretical Linguistics Meeting

8th Annual Conference on African Linguistics (ACAL 28)

Date: July 11-13, 1997
Place: Cornell University, USA
Submission: December 30, 1996

28th Annual Conference on African Linguistics

at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
July 11-13, 1997


Abstracts are invited for 20-minute talks in all areas of African
Linguistics.  If you are interested in giving a talk, please send:
        (i)  An anonymous one page abstract, single-spaced, font 12-point.
        (ii)  A camera-ready short version of the abstract that will fit
into a 3" x 6" box.  Please write the title of the paper and the name(s)
and affiliation(s) of author(s) lightly in pencil on the back of this page;
do not write them on the front.
        (iii)  A 3" x 5" file card with name, affiliation, complete mailing
address, telephone number, e-mail address, and paper title.

Mail all materials to the following address:

Department of Linguistics
227 Morrill Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853-4701
Fax: (607) 255-2044


To facilitate their timely arrival, one-page abstracts submitted by fax
from Africa will be accepted, accompanied by the information in (iii) on a
separate page.  Abstracts from other places, and short versions, must be
submitted by regular mail. Do not e-mail abstracts.

To obtain up-to-date conference information, send the message "SUBSCRIBE
ACAL28-L " to, from the e-address to which
you wish information to be sent.  Visit our web page:!acal28f/acala.htm. To reach the
organizing committee, write to If you do not have
e-mail access, send a letter to the organizing committee now, requesting
that information be sent to you by regular mail.  We are updating the
mailing list; anyone we do not hear from by e-mail or letter will be
deleted from it.


Vicki Carstens                                  214 Morrill Hall
Asst. Professor                                 Ithaca, NY 14853
Cornell University                              (607) 255-0716
Department of Linguistics             

6th Annual Polish Association for the Study of English Conference

Date: April 21-23, 1997
Place: Pulawy, Poland
Submission: December 31, 1996

Department of English
Catholic University of Lublin
20-950 Lublin, al. Raclawickie 14, tel. (0-81) 302-29


                      FIRST CIRCULAR

The annual Conference of the Polish Association for the study of
English will be held in Pulawy, 21st-23rd April 1997. As in previous
years, we are hoping to get a selection of significant papers in all
areas pertaining to the study of the English language and
linguistics, British and American literature, methodology of English
teaching, and culture studies.

                        CALL FOR PAPERS

Those wishing to participate in the Conference are requested to send
an abstract of their contribution (not exceeding one A4 page) to
Prof. Edmund Gussmann. The deadline for abstracts is 31st December
1996. People planning to attend the Conference without presenting a
paper should likewise contact the Conference organizers by the end of
December at the latest.

As in previous years, participants will be asked to pay a
registration fee and cover the cost of accommodation and board.
Details of current prices will be provided in the Second Circular
sent out to those who express an interest in attending the
Conference. We are taking steps to obtain funds which would enable us
to reduce the cost for individual participants. Results of our
efforts will be presented in subsequent circulars.

Prof. Edmund Gussmann                        Prof. Bogdan Szymanek
                      (Conference organizers)

35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL-97/EACL-97)

Date: July 7-10, 1997
Place: Madrid, Spain
Submission: January 8, 1997

                          FIRST CALL FOR PAPERS

                             Joint Conference

   35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
                8th Conference of the European Chapter of the
                  Association for Computational Linguistics

             Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia (UNED)
                              Madrid, Spain
                             July 7-10, 1997

ACL and EACL would like to encourage the submission of papers on
substantial, original, and unpublished research on ALL aspects of
computational linguistics.


ACL has decided this year to organize the program committee hierarchically,
with five Area Chairs, and six to nine program committee members assigned
to each area. Co-chairs for the ACL-97/EACL-97 program are Philip R. Cohen
(Oregon Graduate Institute) and Wolfgang Wahlster (DFKI). The five Areas,
their Area Chairs, and a partial list of Program Committee members are:

1).  Morphology, Lexicon, and Finite State Technologies
      Area Chair:  Lauri Karttunen, Xerox

Program Committee Members:

Susan Armstrong                 ISSCO
Branimir Boguraev               Apple Computer
Michael Johnston                Oregon Graduate Institute
Ron Kaplan                      Xerox PARC
Kimmo Koskenniemi               University of Helsinki
James Pustejowski               Brandeis University
Richard Sproat                  AT & T Research

2).  Grammar and Formalisms for Parsing and Tactical Generation
      Area Chair:  Koenraad de Smedt, University of Bergen

Program Committee Members:

Anne Abeille                    University of Paris 7
Ted Briscoe                     Cambridge University
Takao Gunji                     Osaka University
Owen Rambow                     Cogentex
Yves Schabes                    Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratory
Stuart Shieber                  Harvard University
Mark Steedman                   University of Pennsylvania

3).  Semantics, Pragmatics and Discourse
      Area Chair:  Donia Scott, University of Brighton

Program Committee Members:

Sandra Carberry                 University of Delaware
Robert Dale                     Microsoft Research Institute, Australia
Hitoshi Iida                   ATR Research Laboratories
David Israel                    SRI International
Johanna Moore                   University of Pittsburgh
Uwe Reyle                       University of Stuttgart
David Sadek                     France Telecom
Louis des Tombe                 University of Utrecht
Marilyn Walker                  AT&T Research

4).  Uses of Language Processing (including, but not limited to: analysis
and generation of spoken language, language-oriented information retrieval,
text processing, natural language and multimodal interfaces message and
narrative understanding, machine transalation, user modeling, *etc.*)
Area Chair:  Elisabeth Andre, DFKI

Program Committee Members:

Doug Appelt                     SRI International
Lynette Hirschman               Mitre Corporation
Giacomo Ferrari                 University of Turin
Harald Trost                    Austrian Research Institute for Artificial
Steve Young                     Cambridge University
Peter Whitelock                 Sharp Labs of Europe

5).  Statistical Language Processing
Area Chair: Eugene Charniak, Brown University

Program Committee Members:

Ulli Block                      Siemens
Renato de Mori                  McGill University
David Magerman                  Renaissance Technologies Corp.
Hermann Ney                     Aachen University of Technology
Horacio Rodriguez               Universidad Politecnica de Catalunya
Andreas Stolcke                 SRI International

Papers not fitting into these areas are also welcomed! Appropriate
reviewers will be obtained. The remaining program committee members will be
publicised with the SECOND CALL FOR PAPERS. When submitting your paper, you
will be asked to target your paper to at most two areas. However, papers
will be reviewed by a minimum of three experts, even if they are not in the
targeted area. Additional reviewers will be obtained by the Area Chairs
whenever a paper cannot be reviewed by at least three experts on the PC. It
is fully expected that papers may overlap areas. Theoretical, practical,
and empirical papers are requested on all the topics above, as well as any
others related to computational linguistics.


Papers should describe unique work; they should emphasize completed work
rather than intended work; and they should indicate clearly the state of
completion of the reported results. A paper accepted for presentation at
the ACL Meeting cannot be presented or have been presented at any other
meeting with publicly available proceedings. Papers that are being
submitted to other conferences must reflect this fact on the title page and
the identification page.



Papers must not exceed 3200 words (exclusive of references). Hard copy or
electronic submissions must use the ACL submission style (aclsub.sty)
retrievable from the ACL LISTSERV server (access to which is described
below) which requires TeX 3.14 or LaTeX 2.09. Papers outside the specified
length and formatting requirements will be rejected without review. Since
reviewing will be blind, a title page and a separate identification page
are required. The title page should include paper title, summary, word
count and at most two topic area specifications (author names and addresses
are omitted) and should be affixed to the paper. Furthermore,
self-references that reveal the author's identity (e.g., "We previously
showed (Smith, 1991) ...") should be avoided. Instead use references like
"Smith previously showed (Smith, 1991)..." The identification page should
include the paper title, author(s) name(s),complete addresses, a short (5
line) summary, a word count, a specification of the topic area, document
type (LaTeX or ascii; hardcopy or electronic), and whether it has been
submitted to other conferences.

A model submission (modelsub.tex) and a model identification page
(idpage.tex) are also provided on the ACL LISTSERV server, as well as
fullname.bst/fullname.sty system to be used for the bibliography. (Note
however that the bibliography for a submission cannot be submitted as a
separate .bib file; the actual bibliography entries must be inserted in the
submitted LaTeX source file.) Postscript figures following psfig.sty may be

Information on ACL-97 is also available on the ACL Homepage on the World
Wide Web at the following address:


Electronic submissions may consist of simple ascii text, a uuencoded LaTeX
file, or the package produced by "aclpkg.script", which is available on the
ACL LISTSERV server. Submissions that include (possibly) separate
postscript figure files must be packaged using the aclpkg.script.
Electronic paper submissions should be sent to, with the subject field as "ACL-97 LaTeX
submission" or "ACL-97 ascii submission."THE TEXT OF YOUR MESSAGE SHOULD
aclpkg.script, AND NO OTHER INFORMATION. The identification page should be
sent to, with the subject field as "ACL-97
Identification Page."


Six copies of the paper and one copy of the identification page (no fax
submissions) should be sent to one of the following locations:

ACL-97/EACL-97 Submission
Professor Phil Cohen
Center for Human-Computer Communication
Oregon Graduate Institute
20000 NW Walker Rd
Beaverton, OR 97006 USA


ACL-97/EACL-97 Submission
Professor Wolfgang Wahlster
Stuhsatzenhausweg 3
D-66123 Saarbruecken, Germany


Electronic submissions must be received by JANUARY 8, 1997. Electronic
submissions will be will be accepted only if they can be printed. If the
authors want feedback on the printability of their documents, they must be
sent two or three days ahead of the deadline, JANUARY 8, 1997. Hard copy
submission must be received by JANUARY 10, 1997. Late papers will be
returned unopened. Notification of receipt will be mailed to the first
author (or designated author) soon after receipt. Authors will be notified
of acceptance by MARCH 20,1997. Camera-ready copies of final papers
prepared in a double-column format, preferably using a laser printer, must
be received by MAY 1, 1997, along with a signed copyright release


There will be a special poster session for students organized by a
committee of ACL graduate student members. ACL student members are invited
to submit short papers describing innovative work in progress on any of the
topics listed above. Papers are limited to 3 pages plus a title page and an
identification page in the format described above and must be submitted by
hard copy or e-mail to Christine Doran at the address below by FEBRUARY 3,
1997. The papers will be reviewed by a committee of students and faculty
members. Abstracts of the papers will be published in a special section of
the conference proceedings. There is a separate call for papers, available
from the ACL LISTSERV.

Student Session Chair:

Ms. Pamela Jordan
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh PA 15260 USA
Telephone: (412) 624-8563
Fax: (412) 624-6089 [addressed to P. Jordan at ISP]


Tutorials will be held July 7.
Please send your suggestions for tutorials to the tutorial chair:

Dr. Megumi Kameyama
Artificial Intelligence Center
SRI International
333 Ravenswood Ave.
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Telephone: 415-859-2037


ACL-97/EACL-97 will be sponsoring workshops on July 11 (and perhaps July
12, by special arrangement). Please send your workshop proposals to the
workshop chair:

Professor Harald Trost
Austrian Research Institute for AI
Schottengasse 3
A-1010 Wien
Telephone: #43 1 535 32 810
Fax:  #43 1 532 06 52


Local arrangements are being coordinated by Felisa Verdejo (Ciudad
Universitaria) University). For information regarding facilities and local
arrangements, send email to

M.Felisa Verdejo
Depto. IEEC
ETSI Industriales
Ciudad Universitaria, s.n.
28040 Madrid - Spain
Telephone: (+ 341) 398 6484
Fax: (+ 341) 398 60 28


Please contact M. Felisa Verdejo  as soon as possible with suggestions for
potential exhibitors by email, with the subject-field as "ACL97/EACL97."
Reservations for space/power/lines/equipment for exhibits must be received
by FEBRUARY 14, 1997.


LISTSERV is a facility set up at Columbia University's Department of
Computer Science to allow access to an electronic document archive by
electronic mail. Requests for files from the archive should be sent as
e-mail messages to:

with an empty subject field and the message body containing the request
command. The most useful requests are "help" for general help on using
LISTSERV, "index ACL-L" for the current contents of the ACL archive and
"get ACL-L " to get a particular file named  from the archive.
For example, to get the ACL96 modelsub.tex file, send a message with the
following body:

get ACL-L modelsub.tex

Answers to requests are returned by e-mail. Since the server may have many
requests for different archives to process, requests are queued up and may
take awhile (say, overnight) to be fulfilled. The ACL archive can also be
accessed by anonymous FTP. Here is an example of how to get the same file
by FTP:

$ ftp
Name( anonymous < not echoed >
ftp> cd acl-l/ACL96
ftp> get modelsub.tex.Z
ftp> quit
$ uncompress modelsub.tex.Z


For other information on the ACL, contact:

Kathleen McKeown
Columbia University
Computer Science
New York, NY 10027 USA
Telephone: (212) 939-7118
Fax:       (212) 666-0140

Linguistics Association of Great Britain Spring Meeting 1997

Date: April 7-9, 1997
Place: University of Edinburgh, Scotland, Great Britain
Submission: January 13, 1997

Spring Meeting 1997: University of Edinburgh

First Circular and Call for Papers

The 1997 Spring Meeting will be held from Monday 7 to Wednesday 9
April at the University of Edinburgh, where the Association will
be the guests of the Department of Linguistics. The Local
Organiser is Alice Turk (

The conference immediately follows the 1997 meeting of GALA
("Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition"), which takes
place at the University of Edinburgh from the 4th to 6th of April
(further information on:

Events: The Linguistcs Association 1997 Lecture on the Monday
evening will be delivered by Professor Joan Bresnan (Stanford).

There will be a Workshop on The Role of Morphology in Current
Syntactic Theory organised by Kersti Boerjars and Nigel Vincent
(University of Manchester). In much recent work on syntactic
theory, analyses have made the tacit assumption that
morphological and syntactic elements obey the same principles
(e.g. c-command) and can be expressed in the same notation
(i.e. trees). At the same time, a number of influential
morphologists (e.g. Anderson, Aronoff and Beard) have argued for
the separationist hypothesis according to which morphological
constructs obey a set of independent principles which only
partly, or not at all, overlap with the set of syntactic
principles. In this workshop we will explore within a number of
frameworks the consequences of this renewed interest in the
interaction and integration of morphological and syntactic
data. We will look particularly at Lexical-Functional Grammar,
Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar and the Minimalist
Program. There will be talks by Joan Bresnan (Stanford), Elisabet
Engdahl (Gothenburg), Gillian Ramchand (Oxford) and Greg Stump
(Kentucky) and these will be followed by a general discussion.

The Language Tutorial will be on languages of Central Australia,
and will be given by Jane Simpson (University of Sydney) and,
possibly, Mary Laughren (University of Queensland) and David
Nash. Central Australian languages such as Warumungu, Warlpiri
and Warlmanpa use agglutinative morphology to show grammatical
relations, rather than word order which is thereby freed up for
other functions. However, there is evidence for underlyingly
right-headed phrases. There is striking convergence of grammars,
in contrast with morphemes and some superficial phonological
properties. The latter act as markers of different languages,
while a source for the former may be the multilingualism of many
older speakers.

There will be a Wine Party on the Monday evening, following
Professor Bresnan's lecture, sponsored by the Department of

Enquiries about the LAGB meeting should be sent to the Meetings
Secretary (address below). Full details of the programme and a
booking form will be included in the Second Circular, to be sent
in January.

Call for Papers: Members and potential guests are invited to
offer papers for the Meeting; abstracts are also accepted from
non-members.  The LAGB welcomes submissions on any linguistics or
linguistics- related topic. Abstracts must arrive by 13 January
1997 and should be sent in the format outlined below to the
following address: Professor G. Corbett, Linguistic and
International Studies, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey,
GU2 5XH. Papers are selected anonymously - only the President
knows the names of authors.

Abstracts must be presented as follows: submit SEVEN anonymous
copies of the abstract, plus ONE with name and affiliation,
i.e. CAMERA- READY. The complete abstract containing your title
and your name must be no longer than ONE A4 page (8.27" x 11.69")
with margins of at least 1" on all sides. You may use single
spacing (not more than six lines to the inch) and type must be no
smaller than 12 characters per inch. Type uniformly in black
(near-letter quality on a word processor) and make any additions
in black. It is preferable to print out the abstracts using a
laser printer, since if the paper is accepted the abstract will
be photocopied and inserted directly into the collection of
abstracts sent out to participants. WRITE YOUR NAME AND ADDRESS

The following layout should be considered as standard:

         (title)  Optimality and the Klingon vowel shift
                      (speaker)  Clark Kent
 (institution)  Department of Astrology, Eastern Mars University

The normal length for papers delivered at LAGB meetings is 25

(plus 15 minutes discussion). Offers of squibs (10 minutes) or
longer papers (40 minutes) will also be considered: please
explain why your paper requires less or more time than usual.

N.B. ABSTRACTS SUBMISSION DATES: These are always announced in
the First Circular for the Meeting in question. Any member who
fears that they may receive the First Circular too late to be
able to submit an abstract before the deadline specified can be
assured that an abstract received by the President by JANUARY 1
or JUNE 1 will always be considered for the next meeting.

Conference Bursaries: There will be a maximum of 10 bursaries
available to unsalaried members of the Association (e.g. PhD
students) with preference given to those who are presenting a
paper.  Applications should be sent to the President, and must be
received by 4 June 1996. Please state on your application: (a)
date of joining the LAGB; (b) whether or not you are an
undergraduate or postgraduate student; (c) if a student, whether
you receive a normal grant; (d) if not a student, your employment
apply for funding should include all the above details WITH THEIR

Guests: Members may invite any number of guests to meetings of
the association, upon payment of a stlg5 guest invitation fee.

Annual General Meeting: is to be held on the afternoon of Tuesday
8 April. Items for the agenda should be sent to the Honorary

Elections of President and Membership Secretary: Nominations are
sought for the position of President, which becomes vacant with
the retirement of Greville Corbett, and for the position of
Membership Secretary, which becomes vacant with the retirement of
Kersti Boerjars. All names should be sent to the Honorary
Secretary by 13 January 1996; nominations should be proposed and
seconded, and proposers should make sure that their nominee is
willing to stand for election.

Nominations for speakers: Nominations are requested for future
guest speakers; all suggestions should be sent to the Honorary

Changes of address: Members are reminded to notify the Membership
Secretary (address below) of changes of address. An institutional
address is preferred; bulk mailing saves postage.

Committee members:

President: Professor Greville Corbett (

Honorary Secretary: Dr. David Adger (

Membership Secretary: Dr. Kersti Boerjars (

Meetings Secretary: Dr. Billy  Clark (

Treasurer: Dr. Paul Rowlett (

Assistant Secretary: Dr. April McMahon (

BLN Editor: Dr. Siew-Yue Killingley, Grevatt and Grevatt, 9 Rectory

Internet home page: The LAGB internet home page is now active at
the following address:

30th Poznan Linguistic Meeting

Date: May 1-3, 1997
Place: Poznan, Poland
Submission: January 15, 1997

30th Poznan Linguistic Meeting (PLM)

1-3 May 1997, Poznan

Recent developments in linguistic theory
and their application to language comparison


This is to announce a linguistic meeting intended to take up,
cherish and continue the long-established tradition of
International Conferences on Contrastive Linguistics organized by
Professor Jacek Fisiak. Prof. Fisiak has so far organized 29
conferences in this series and has kindly agreed to act as the
honorary Chairman of the organizing committee of the 30th


The topic of the Meeting - Recent developments in linguistic
theory - invites papers which contribute in some way to the
contemporary models of linguistic description and explanation (be
it optimalist, minimalist, naturalist, conventionalist or
other). As the subtitle suggests, the papers are expected to
point to an ultimate application of those models to linguistic

Presentation mode

Relatively short presentations and AMPLE time for discussion
(cf. the 2nd circular for concrete organizational details).

Invited speakers and guests (so far)
        Jacek Fisiak (Poznaq)
        Wolfgang U. Dressler (Vienna)
        Edmund Gussmann (Lublin)
        Ernst Hekon Jahr (Tromsx)
        John Harris (London)
        Dieter Kastovsky (Vienna)
        Jerzy Rubach (Warsaw/Iowa)
        Michael Sharwood-Smith (Utrecht)
        Rajendra Singh (Montr(al)
        Werner Winter (Kiel)


Minimum one-page abstracts should be submitted, either by post
(preferably) or by e-mail (plain text format only), to the
Meeting organizer:

Dr. hab. Katarzyna Dziubalska-Ko3aczyk
School of English
Adam Mickiewicz University
al. Niepodleg3oci 4
61-874 Poznaq
tel.: +48 61 528820
fax: +4861 523103

up to January 15, 1997.


You are also encouraged to organize workshops: the workshop
organizers are asked to send in a short description (possibly
including a list of participants) up to January 15, 1997. All
participants will receive the abstracts and workshop descriptions
before the Meeting.


The Meeting will take place in a comfortable conference centre in
Poznaq (with accomodation and meals at the conference venue). The
arrival time: April 30 (Wednesday), the conference time: May 1-3,
including a half-day sightseeing tour.

Registration fee
100 USD payable on arrival

Option A: Single room ca 30 USD per day
Option B: One bed in a double room (ca 25 USD pro person)
Option C: Double room (ca 50 USD)

Since there is a limited number of single rooms, please indicate the
order of preference for the above options on your reply form.

Full board: ca 14 USD per day

Reply form

You are kindly requested to send in the enclosed reply form until
December 1, 1996.

Dates to note
December 1, 1996           Reply forms receipt
January 15, 1997           Abstracts due for review
                   Workshop descriptions receipt
February 28, 1997    Notification of acceptance

Further information
Information on publication and details of presentation will be
included in the 2nd circular.
Please, contact me at the above address for any queries.

Looking forward to your participation

Katarzyna Dziubalska-Kolaczyk


30th Poznaq Linguistic Meeting (PLM)
1-3 May 1997, Poznaq




(       I wish to participate in the Meeting
(       and present a paper (title):

(       and organize a workshop (topic):

Accommodation option (for 3 nights):

(       A > B > C
(       A > C > B
(       other (please, indicate your wish,, e.g. a room in another hotel, diffe
 number of

5th Meeting on the Mathematics of Language

Date: August 25-27, 1997
Place: Saarbruecken, Germany
Submission: January 31, 1997

                    Call for Papers

Sponsored by the Association for the Mathematics of Language (a special
interest group of the Association for Computational Linguistics)

DATES: 25-27 August 1997

LOCATION:  Schloss Dagstuhl, Saarbruecken, Germany



SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS:  Submissions are invited from all areas of
study that deal with the mathematical properties of natural language.
These areas include, but are not limited to, mathematical models of
syntax, semantics and phonology; computational complexity of
linguistic frameworks/theories and models of natural language
processing; mathematical theories of language learning; parsing theory;
and quantitative models of language.

If the co-chairs feel the area of a submitted paper cannot be adequately
reviewed by the program committee, an attempt will be made to get
outside reviews.

SUBMISSION FORMATS: All contributions to MOL5 are to be made
electronically as either an unformatted (plain text) ASCII file or
LaTex file.  Authors are responsible for their submissions printing
without special actions by the program committee. Submissions should
consist of an abstract of original, previously unpublished
work. Abstract length should be no more than five (5) pages.

PROCEEDINGS: No unrefereed proceedings are planned. It is anticipated
that selected papers will be published after peer review as a special
issue or collection.

Tilman Becker (DFKI), Patrick Blackburn (Saarlandes),
Christophere Fouquere (Paris), David Johnson, co-chair (IBM),
Aravind Joshi, co-chair (Penn), Larry Moss (Indiana),
Walt Savitch (UCSD), Andras Kornai (IBM), Uli Krieger (DFKI),
M. J. Nederhoff (Groningen), Giorgio Satta (Padua)

LOCAL ARRANGEMENTS: Tilman Becker (DFKI), Hans-Ulrich Krieger (DFKI)
Send queries about local arrangements to:

They have reserved 30--40 single rooms (with shower) from Aug. 25
to 27.  Price per room incl. full catering: 135 German Marks

LFG 97

Date: June 19-21, 1997
Place: University of California-San Diego, San Diego, California, USA 
Submission: January 31, 1997


                         June 19 -- 21, 1997

                  University of California-San Diego
                        San Diego, California
            Conference chair: Prof. Farrell Ackerman, UCSD

LFG97 will take place in June 1997 at the University of
California-San Diego. Papers are invited both within the formal
architecture of Lexical-Functional Grammar and in the `spirit of
LFG', as a lexicalist approach to language within a parallel,
constraint-based framework.

There will be a series of 20-minute talks (with 10 minutes for
discussion), poster presentations, and workshops with invited
participants (see below).  The talks and poster presentations may
focus on results from completed as well as ongoing research, with
an emphasis on novel approaches, methods, ideas, and
perspectives, whether descriptive, theoretical, formal or

Abstract submissions should include:

- Five copies of a one-page abstract of the paper with a title. OMIT
  name and affiliation. A second page may be used for data, c-/f- and
  related structures, and references, but not for text.
- A 3" by 5" card with the title of the paper and the name(s) of the
  author(s), address, e-mail address, and whether the author(s) are
- If possible, please send a postscript or ascii file of the abstract
  via email IN ADDITION TO the five hard copies.

Abstracts should be sent to the following address and should
indicate whether the submission is for a talk or a poster:

            Dr. Tracy Holloway King
            Information Sciences and Technologies Laboratory
            Xerox PARC
            3333 Coyote Hill Road
            Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA

Important dates:

  NOTIFICATION DATE: March 15, 1997

We plan to organize workshops on the following topics, with
special emphasis on how results in these areas are best
accommodated within lexicalist frameworks:

        Grammaticalization and Linguistic Theory
        Morphology and Linguistic Theory
        Discourse and Phrase Structure

We hope to be able to offer some financial assistance to student
presenters attending the conference.  Further information about
student subsidies will be available in late March.

A copy of this announcement is available by anonymous FTP from:

Inquiries about abstract submissions should be sent to Dr. Tracy
King,, and Dr. Miriam Butt,  Additional inquiries about the
conference should be sent to Prof. Farrell Ackerman,

Society for Pidgin and Creole Languages

Date: June 26-28, 1997
Place: London, Great Britain
Submission: January 31, 1997

CALL for PAPERS                 **** Deadline:  Jan. 31, 1997 ****

     Society for Pidgin and Creole Languages

Place:   London (University of Westminister)

Date:     June 26-28, 1997

Deadline for receipt of abstracts:  January 31, 1997


The Society for Pidgin and Creole Languages will meet on 26-28 June
1997 at the University of Westminister.

Abstracts for a 20-minute paper on phonology, morphology, syntax,
semantics, lexicon, social aspects of language, history of the
discipline or any pertinent issue involving pidgin and creole
languages are invited for anonymous review by a five member panel.


A single spaced one-page abstract.  Please put the full title of the
paper on the abstract, but do not put your name on the abstract.


Your name, address, affiliation, status (student, faculty), E-mail
address, FAX, and phone number should appear on a separate page.
Please also indicate whether you need audio-visual equipment
(overhead projector, tape recorder, etc.).

Membership :

Membership in SPCL includes a subscription to the Journal of Pidgin &
Creole Languages (only one member within the same household need
subscribe to the journal).  The cost for both membership and the
journal is US $54.00 or Dutch guilder (Hfl.) 92.00 per year.
Students may participate in the conference without subscribing to the
journal, but they must be a member of the SPCL.  Regular membership
dues and subscriptions should be sent to John Benjamins Publishing
Company (address below).  Students opting not to subscribe to the
journal should send the $8.00  membership fee directly to Prof. A.
Schwegler at UC Irvine (address below).
John Benjamins  B.V.
Amsteldijk 44 - P.O. Box 75577
e-mail:        (Mr. Kees Vaes)


John Benjamins N.A. Inc.
P.O Box 27519 - 821 Bethlehem Pike
Philadelphia, PA  19118  (USA)

Prof. Armin Schwegler
Department of Spanish & Portuguese
University of California, Irvine
Irvine, CA  92697-5275  (USA)

phone:   714/824-6901 office

Chicago Linguistics Society

Date: April 17-19, 1997
Place: Chicago, USA
Submission: January 31, 1997


        ********************   CLS - 33 **************************

                          APRIL 17-19, 1997

                        UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO


Invited Speakers:

LAURENCE HORN, Yale University
BRIAN JOSEPH, Ohio State University



If valid concrete universals exist how are they formulated and what is
their role in linguistic theory?
What are the relevant parameters along which languages are typologized?

EDITH MORAVCSIK, U Wisconsin, Milwakee
SUSAN M. STEELE, U of Arizona


Is the perception of speech special, taking place within a module that is
specifically dedicated to the perception of phonetic as opposed to general
acoustic signals?

PETER MACNEILAGE, U of Texas, Austin
ROBERT A. FOX, Ohio State University


In language contact situations, what role does the interaction of ideas
and perceptions held by linguists and non-linguists about the languages in
contact have in shaping the languages?
What are the implications for historical linguistics?



Please submit ten copies of a one-page, 500-word, anonymous abstract for a
twenty minute paper (optionally, one additional page for data and/or
references may be appended), along with a 3" by 5" card with:

        (1) your name
        (2) affiliation
        (3) address, phone number, and e-mail address
        (4) title of the paper
        (5) an indication for which panel or which particular
        subdivision of the main session (e.g. Phonetics, Phonology,
        Syntax, Semantics, Historical Linguistics, etc.) the paper
        is intended.

The abstract should be as specific as possible, and it should clearly
indicate the data covered, outline the arguments presented, and include
any broader implications of the work.  An individual may present at most
one single and one co-authored paper.  Authors must submit a camera-ready
copy of the paper at the time of the conference in order to be considered
for publication.  Only a selection of papers presented at CLS 33 will be

The deadline for receipt of abstracts is JANUARY 31, 1997.  Send abstracts

        Chicago Linguistic Society
        1050 E. 59th Street
        Chicago, IL 60637
        (773) 702-8529

Abstracts sent by e-mail will not be considered.  Information may be
obtained from

DIALOGUE'97: International Conference on Computational Linguistics and its Applications

Date: June 10-15, 1997
Place: Moscow, Russia
Submission: February 1, 1997


    International Conference on computational linguistics and its

                   June 10-15, 1997, Moscow, Russia

                        Dear Colleagues,

We are happy to inform you about DIALOGUE'97, an international
conference on computational linguistics and its applications,
which will take place June 10-15, 1997 in a country side near
Moscow, Russia. The conference revived the tradition of the
interdisciplinary DIALOGUE seminars which were regular national
annual events in the USSR during 70s-80s. The conference title
means that it is a meeting place for a dialogue: 

a) between researchers from different fields that are related to
   computational linguistics (linguists, computer scientists, cognitive
   scientists, psychologists);

b) between researchers from the former USSR and from the
   international community in computational linguistics.

Topics of interest include (but are not limited to):

*  theoretical and cognitive linguistics
*  syntax, semantics, pragmatics and their interaction
*  multilingual natural language processing
*  systems for natural language processing
*  text, dialogue and speech act in the computational framework

The number of participants is expected about 100. Every
prospective attendee is required to submit a short research
summary including relevant recent publications, regular and
e-mail address, fax and phone numbers.

Participants who wish to present their work are additionally
required to submit a poster (3-4 double-spaced pages, 6-8 kB) or
a full paper (not exceeding 12 double- spaced pages, 24
kB). Please send submissions preferably via e-mail (in plain
ASCII or uuencoded Winword files) to the address of the Program
Committee before February 1, 1997. Submissions in Russian and
English are equally accepted. We plan to organize selected
English-to-Russian and Russian-to-English translation of talks.

Addresses for all correspondence:
Snail mail:
     Russian Instititue for Artificial Intelligence
     P.O.Box 111, Moscow,
     103001, Russia.

    Deadline for submission: February 1, 1997
    Notification of acceptance:  March 1, 1997
    Final paper due: March 25, 1997

In the field of computational linguistics in Russia conferences
DIALOGUE became a regular event which attracts the leading
researchers from the former USSR as well as foreign
researchers. We hope that DIALOGUE'97 will continue this

Alexander S. Narin'yani, Program Chair (Russian Institute of Artificial
Christian Boitet        (Grenoble University)
Alexander E. Kibrik     (Moscow State University)
Igor A. Mel'chuk        (Montreal University)
Sergei Nirenburg        (New-Mexico State University)
Haldur Oim              (Tartu University)
Dmitrij A. Pospelov     (Computer Center of Russian Academy of Sciences)


Natalya I. Laufer, (Russian Institute of Artificial Intelligence)
Serge A. Sharoff, (Russian Institute of Artificial Intelligence)

  If you have questions about the conference, please send e-mail
letters to the above-mentioned addresses or call: to Moscow:
+7-(095) 152-05-61 (Russian Institute for Artificial
Intelligence, Serge Sharoff)

Please, share this information letter with people you think it
may concern.

Workshop on Structure and Constituency in the Languages of the Americas

Date: March 21-23, 1997
Place: University of Manitoba
Submission: February 2, 1997

                        CALL FOR PAPERS

                          WORKSHOP ON
                   LANGUAGES OF THE AMERICAS

                     University of Manitoba
                       March 21-23, 1997

Invited Speakers:  Henry Davis, University of British Columbia
                   Alana Johns, University of Toronto

Special Session:   The Pronominal Argument Hypothesis
Roundtable:        Language Endangerment

We invite papers on specific topics which speak to the general
questions of phonological, morphological and syntactic structure
and constituency in the analysis of native languages of North and
South America. Individual papers might address questions in such
areas as constraint interaction, templatic approaches to
phonology, analysis and formal treatment of syllable structure,
interface and division of labour between syntax and morphology
and phonology, inventory and/or projection of lexical and
functional categories, analysis and formal treatment of syntactic
or semantic relations, structural restrictions on syntactic or
semantic relations, etc. Papers for the special session on the
pronominal argument hypothesis are especially welcome. The
workshop will also include a roundtable discussion of linguistics
and language endangerment with participation encouraged from all
workshop contributors.

Abstracts should be no longer than 1 page (a second page with
references and extra examples may be included).  Abstract
submission by e-mail is preferred.  Abstracts may also be
submitted by regular mail in 3 copies: 1 camera-ready copy with
the author's name and affiliation, and 2 anonymous copies.  An
additional page giving the title of the paper and the author's
name, address, affiliation, phone number, fax number, and e-mail
address should accompany the abstracts.  Each talk will be
allotted 30 minutes plus time for questions.  Deadline for
submissions is February 2, 1997.

E-mailed abstracts should be sent to Leslie Saxon at
<>.  Please use the header "Structure Workshop".
Surface mail abstracts should be sent to:

c/o Leslie Saxon
Department of Linguistics
University of Victoria
Victoria, British Columbia
Canada  V8W 3P4

The program will be announced in the second week of February.
For further information, contact Leslie Saxon (e-mail: or Shanley Allen (e-mail:

7th Meeting of Southeast Asian Linguistics Society

Date: May 9-11, 1997
Place: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Submission: February 5, 1997

                             May 9 - 11,  1996
                  University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

The conference will feature papers on any of the languages of Southeast
Asia.  Topics will include:

*   descriptive,  theoretical or historical  linguistic           
    language planning
*   literacy
*   bilingual education
*   linguistic anthropology                                       
*   language atitudes and ideology                               
    discourse and conversational analysis
*   language and gender                                         
    language and politics

Abstracts are invited for the conference.  By February 5, 1997 please
submit five copies of an anonymous abstract with a separate 3 x 5"
card identifying:

1.   the author, his/her affiliation;
2.   address where notification or rejection should be mailed in
3.   daytime telephone number;  and

4.   e-mail address,  if available.

The abstract should not exceed one page; an additional page of data
and references may be submitted.

Papers presented at SEALS VII will be published in the Society's
Proceedings (by the Southeast Asia Program, Arizona State University).
To ensure inclusion in the volume, authors are asked to submit a
camera-ready copy of their papers by August 15, 1997.  Presentations
will be 20 minutes in length, with 10 minutes for questions.

Enquiries, Registration and Submissions to:
SEALS c/o F.K. Lehman
Department of Anthropology
University of Illinois at Utbana-Champaign
109 Davenport Hall
607 South Mathews Avenue
Urbana, IL 61801
U. S. A.
Telephone / e-mail: (217) 333 - 8423  or



Date of Arrival:                                           Date of Departure:

Enclosed is my check of money order payable to SEALS for the

Registration Fee (includes 5 coffee breaks and reception):

                                  Students              Non-students
Before April 1, 1997               _____$40              _____$55
After April 1, 1996                _____$45              _____$60
Luncheon on May 9th                _____$20              _____$15

Total Enclosed

Information about accomodations will be included in subsequent

F.K. Lehman (U Chit Hlaing)
Dep't. of Anthropology
University of Illinois
109 Davenport Hall
607 S. Mathews Ave.
Urbana, IL 61801 U.S.A.

6th Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics

Date: May 9-11, 1997
Place: University of Connecticut, USA
Submission: February 14, 1997

                                FASL VI

                Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics

                                hosted by
                        University of Connecticut

                              9-11 May 1997

Invited Speakers:

        Christina Bethin, SUNY Stony Brook
        Steven Franks, Indiana University
        Howard Lasnik, University of Connecticut

Call for Papers:

Deadline for receipt of abstracts is Friday, 14 February 1997.

Abstracts are invited for 30-minute presentations (plus 10
minutes discussion) on topics dealing with formal aspects of
Slavic syntax, semantics, morphology, phonology, and
psycholinguistics. Send 6 copies of a ONE-PAGE ANONYMOUS abstract
to the address below. No fax or e-mail submissions will be
accepted. Please include ONE 3x5} card with:

                        1) title of paper;
                        2) your name;
                        3) address and affiliation;
                        4) telephone and/or fax numbers;
                        5) e-mail address.


        FASL VI Committee             
        Dept. of Linguistics                    (860) 486-4229   [tel.]
        U-145                                   (860) 486-0197   [fax]
        University of Connecticut
        Storrs, CT 06269

Persons interested in attending FASL VI are invited to register
their e-mail and/or mailing addresses with us at the conference
address above.  E-mail is the preferred means of communication
for all business except abstract submission, for which we require
hard copy.

Further conference information will be made available on the
World Wide Web, at the following address:

4th International Conference on HPSG

Date: July 18-20, 1997
Place: Cornell University, USA
Submission:  February 15, 1996    ! EXTENDED DEADLINE !

                           CALL FOR PAPERS

                   4th International Conference on
                 Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar
                    1997 LSA Linguistic Institute
                          Cornell University

                           July 18-20, 1997

The 4th International Conference on HPSG will be held at the 1997 LSA
Linguistic Institute at Cornell University on July 18-20, 1997.

Abstracts are solicited for 20-minute presentations (followed by 10
minutes of discussion) which address linguistic, foundational, or
computation issues relating to the framework of Head-Driven Phrase
Structure Grammar.  There are plans for published proceedings, though
publication arrangements have not yet been finalized.

To submit, send eight (8) copies of your abstract.  Abstracts should
not exceed 5 pages in length (single-spaced; minimum 12 pt font),
including all examples, diagrams, and references.  Please include a
3x5 card or a title page with (i) the title of your abstract, (ii)
your name and affiliation, (iii) your address, email address, phone
and fax numbers.

Abstracts should be received at the address below by FEBRUARY 15, 1997.
Electronic submissions are possible in either postscript or ASCII
format. Fax submissions will NOT be accepted. Address submissions to:

                          c/o Gert Webelhuth
                      Department of Linguistics
                             318 Dey Hall
                     University of North Carolina
                      Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3155

or (for electronic submission) to:


Queries can be addressed to the above address, or via fax or email:

                    Fax: (919) 962-3708

Conference on Computational Psycholinguistics

Date: August 10-12, 1997
Place: Berkeley, California, USA
Submission: February 15, 1997

                          CALL FOR ABSTRACTS

            Conference on Computational Psycholinguistics
                               CPL '97

                          August 10-12, 1997
                         Berkeley, California
              In Conjunction with Cognitive Science 1997

                           Sponsored by the
                      Cognitive Science Society
               International Computer Science Institute
       Institute for Cognitive Science, University of Colorado
             Psychology Department, University of Chicago
             Institute for Cognitive Studies, UC Berkeley

                   ******* Invited Speakers ******

                              Jeff Elman
                              Ted Gibson
                           Mark Seidenberg
                            Paul Smolensky


This conference is intended to bring together researchers who
work on psychologically motivated computational models of human
language.  We solicit contributions on models of linguistic
processing, acquisition, or representation at every level:
phonetic, phonological, morphological, syntactic, semantic, and
pragmatic.  The goal of the conference is to build bridges
between computationally oriented researchers who have focused on
different aspects of human language processing.


We solicit extended abstracts for oral or poster presentations on
psychologically motivated computational models of human language
processing, or empirical or theoretical results bearing on such
models.  Papers/posters may concern any aspect of human language
processing, including but not limited to:

                 phonetic, phonological, or morphological processing
                 lexical access
                 acquisition of phonology or morphology
                 acquisition of syntax and semantics
                 syntactic parsing
                 semantic and pragmatic interpretation, text understanding
                 conversation (e.g. turn taking, pauses, discourse cues)
                 lexical choice

Authors are urged to write for computationally literate
researchers that may not be in their own subfield.  We hope the
conference will afford people an opportunity to present work in
progress for feedback, and to get ideas and epiphanies from other
computational or psychological researchers with different
backgrounds.  To facilitate the interchange of ideas, the
schedule will set aside a significant amount of time for
discussion, as well as an outing, probably to Napa for


The submission should consist of a title/identification page plus
an abstract.

The title page should contain the title, author(s),
affiliation(s), and the submitting author's mailing address,
telephone number, fax number and e-mail address, as well as a
Please note that oral presentations and posters will be
considered to be of equal status at this conference; as a result,
they will be reviewed equally, and will have equal chances of
appearing in subsequent publications.  In order to help place
oral and poster presentations on an equal footing, both poster
and oral presenters will give 2-3 oral summary "previews" of
their presentations.  However, authors may not get their first
choice of presentation method because of scheduling conflicts.

The actual abstract should be 2-3 pages long, in sufficient
detail to allow substantive evaluation.  It should not contain
the authors' names or addresses, as reviewing will be blind.
Furthermore, self-references that reveal the authors' identity
(e.g.  "We previously showed (Chiu, 1991)...") should be avoided.
Instead use references like "Chiu previously showed (Chiu, 1991)

Submissions by e-mail are STRONGLY encouraged.  Acceptable
formats for electronic submissions include, in order of

    1) HTML
    2) Postscript (e.g. from LaTeX)
    3) ASCII (plain text)

A sample HTML skeleton abstract form which may be downloaded and
copied, as well as other submission details, are included on our

We expect that some or all of the submissions will be published
in either a conference or a themed volume.  Submissions for
publication will be full-length papers, and will themselves be
reviewed at a later date.  Please keep checking the web page for
further information on publishing plans.


Deadline for receiving abstracts:       Feb 15, 1997
Information on acceptance sent out:     April 1, 1997
Conference                              Aug 10-12, 1997


For electronic submissions (preferred) :

For hardcopy submissions (dispreferred) , either:

        CPL '97
        c/o Prof. Dan Jurafsky
        Department of Linguistics
        University of Colorado,
        Boulder, CO  80309-0295 USA


        CPL '97
        c/o Prof. Terry Regier
        Department of Psychology
        University of Chicago
        5848 S. University Avenue
        Chicago, IL  60637   USA

  Sessions will be organized and contributions will be reviewed by the
  program committee:

    Dan Jurafsky,       University of Colorado (Co-chair)
    Terry Regier,       University of Chicago (Co-chair)
    Diane Bradley,      CUNY
    Michael Brent,      Johns Hopkins University
    Walter Daelemans,   University of Tilburg
    Gary Dell,          University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
    Mark Ellison,       University of Edinburgh
    Jerry Feldman,      ICSI / UC Berkeley
    Michael Gasser,     Indiana University
    John Goldsmith,     University of Chicago
    Gene Gragg,         University of Chicago
    Mary Hare,          UC San Diego
    Marti Hearst,       Xerox PARC
    Jamie Henderson,    University of Exeter
    Julia Hirschberg,   AT&T Bell Labs
    Ron Kaplan,         Xerox PARC, Stanford University
    Gerard Kempen,      NIAS
    Pat Langley,        Stanford University
    Brian MacWhinney,   Carnegie-Mellon University
    Gary Marcus,        University of Massachusetts
    Mitch Marcus,       University of Pennsylvania
    Don Mitchell,       University of Exeter
    Howard Nusbaum,     University of Chicago
    Kim Plunkett,       Oxford University
    Robert Port,        Indiana University
    Philip Resnik,      University of Maryland
    Ardi Roelofs,       Max Planck Institute, Nijmegen
    Stephanie Seneff,   MIT
    Lokendra Shastri,   ICSI (Berkeley)
    Richard Shillcock,  University of Edinburgh
    Liz Shriberg,       SRI International
    Jeff Mark Siskind,  University of Vermont
    Koenraad de Smedt,  University of Bergen
    Michael Spivey-Knowlton, Cornell University
    Suzanne Stevenson,  Rutgers University
    Oliviero Stock,     IRST, Trento
    Virginia Teller,    CUNY
    Wolfgang Wahlster,  DFKI / University of Saarbruecken
    Nigel Ward,         University of Tokyo


For further information please contact Dan and Terry at

Annual Israeli Association for Theoretical Linguistics Meeting

Date: June 2-3, 1997
Place: Bar Ilan University, Israel
Submission: March 1, 1997

    Annual IATL Meeting: First Call for Abstracts

The next annual meeting of the Israeli Association for Theoretical
Linguistics (IATL) will take place on June 2-3, 1997, at Bar Ilan
University. The guest speaker will be Mark Baker of McGill University.

Submissions are invited of abstracts of 30 minute papers presenting
high quality, unpublished original research in all areas of
theoretical linguistics. Abstracts should be no longer than two pages
(excluding figures, references, etc.), and are limited to one per
author (two per coauthor).  The abstract should not indicate names of
authors. A separate author identification, including e-mail address if
available, should accompany the abstract.

Abstracts should be submitted no later than March 1, 1997, and sent in
eight copies to:

    IATL Committee
    Department of English
    Bar Ilan University,
    Ramat Gan, 52900
    Fax: +972-3-534-7601

Accepted papers will be published in the meeting's proceedings.

Upcoming Events

  1. ESSLLI'97
  2. Second International Workshop on Computational Semantics


                          ANNOUNCEMENT OF

                the Ninth European Summer School in
                  Logic, Language, and Information


               to be held in Aix-en-Provence, France
                from August 11 until August 22, 1997


A selection of events possibly of interest to the HPSG community:

B. Dorr (Maryland) & P. Saint-Dizier (Toulouse): `Lexical Semantics of
   Predicative Forms' (Introductory Course, Language)
M. Pickering (Glasgow) & M. Crocker (Edinburgh): `Human Sentence
   Comprehension' (Introductory Course, Language)
M. Moortgat (Utrecht) & D. Oehrle (Tucson): `Grammatical Resources: Logic &
   Structure'  (Advanced Course, Language)
C. Gardent (Saarbruecken): `The Syntax and Semantics of Focus' (Advanced
   Course, Language)
A. Abeille, D. Godard (Paris) & P. Miller (Lille): `The Major
   Syntactic Structures of French' (Advanced Course, Language)
A. Zaenen (Grenoble): `Application-Oriented Grammar Writing' (Symposium,
T. Fruehwirth (Munich): `Constraint Reasoning' (Advanced Course,
M. A. Moshier (Chapman): `Category-Theoretic Foundations of Formal
   Linguistics' (Advanced Course, Language and Logic)
E. Keenan & E. Stabler (UCLA): `Mathematical Linguistics and Abstract
   Grammar' (Advanced Course, Language and Logic)
E. Hinrichs, D. Meurers (Tuebingen) & J. Nerbonne (Groningen):
   `Grammar Development in Constraint-Based Grammar Formalisms'
   (Introductory Course, Language and Computation)
M. Johnson (Brown) & M. Kay (Stanford): `Deductive Approaches to
   Constraint-Based Parsing and Generation' (Advanced Course, Language and

More information about ESSLLI 97 can be found at the following

Second International Workshop on Computational Semantics

                         I W C S -- II 

      Second International Workshop on Computational Semantics 

         January 8-10, 1997, Tilburg, The Netherlands  

     The Tilburg University Department of Linguistics will host the
     Second International Workshop on Computational Semantics, 
     which will take place in Tilburg, The Netherlands, from
     8 - 10 January 1997. The aim of the workshop is to 
     bring together researchers involved in all aspects of the
     computational semantics of natural language. 


                  Wednesday 8 January

    08.30 - 09.15 Registration

    09.15 - 09.25 Opening

    09.25 - 10.10 Manfred Pinkal (Saarbr"ucken): invited talk

    10.10 - 10.45 Frank Richter & Manfred Sailer (T"ubingen): 
                  Underspecified Semantics in HPSG

    10.45 - 11.05 break

    11.05 - 11.40 Robin Cooper (G"oteborg): Using situations to 
                  reason about the interpretation of speech events

    11.40 - 12.15 Jonathan Ginzburg (Jerusalem):  Semantically-based 
                  Elliptic resolution with Syntactic Presuppositions

    12.15 - 13.15 lunch break

    13.15 - 13.50 Michael Schiehlen (Stuttgart):  Disambiguation of 
                  underspecified discourse representation structures 
                 under anaphoric constraints

    13.50 - 14.25 Susann Luperfoy (McLean [Virginia]): An
                  implementation of DRT and file change semantics for 
                  real-time interpretation of total and partial anaphora

    14.25 - 15.00 Emiel Krahmer & Paul Piwek (Eindhoven):
                  Presupposition Projection as Proof Construction

    15.00 - 16.00 break and poster session 1:
                  N. Asher/D. Hardt/J. Busquets, W. Castelnovo, 
                  M. Egg/A. Feldhaus, L. Kievit, M. Masuko, W. Skut

    16.00 - 16.35 Josef Van Genabith (Dublin) & Richard Crouch (Malvern): 
                  How to Glue a Donkey to an f-structure, or 
                  Porting a Dynamic Meaning Representation into LFG's 
                  Linear Logic Based Glue-Language Semantics

    16.35 - 17.10 Allan Ramsay (Manchester): Dynamic and
                  Underspecified Interpretation
                  without Dynamic or Underspecified Logic

    17.10 - 17.45 Wilfried Meyer Viol, Rodger Kibble, Ruth Kempson & Dov Gabbay
                  (London): Indefinites as Epsilon Terms: 
                  A Labelled Deduction Account

    17.45         Reception

                  Thursday 9 January

    09.00 - 09.45 Lenhart Schubert (Rochester): Dynamic skolemization 
                  (invited talk)

    09.45 - 10.20 Nicholas Asher (Austin) & Tim Fernando (Stuttgart):
                  Labeling representations for effective disambiguation

    10.20 - 10.40 break

    10.40 - 11.15 Alice Kyburg (Oshkosh) & Michael Morreau (Washington): 
                  Vague Utterances and Context Change

    11.15 - 11.50 Birgit Hamp (T"ubingen): Semantics of the German 
                  Future Form in Discourse: a DRT-based Approach

    11.50 - 12.25 Matthew Stone (Philadelphia) & Daniel Hardt (Villanova):  
                  Dynamic Discourse Referents for Tense and Modals

    12.25 - 13.30 lunch break

    13.30 - 14.05 Luca Dini & Vittorio Di Tomaso (Pisa):  
                  Linking Theory and Lexical Ambiguity: The Case of 
                  Italian Motion Verbs

    14.05 - 14.40 Anna Goy & Leonardo Lesmo (Torino): Integrating 
                  lexical semantics and pragmatics: The case of
                  Italian communication verbs

    14.40 - 15.15 Sabine Reinhard (T"ubingen): A Disambiguation 
                  Approach for German Compounds with Deverbal Head

    15.15 - 16.15 break and poster session 2:

                  C. Fox, A. Frank, E. Klipple/J. Gurney, C. Verspoor, R. Zuber

    16.15 - 16.50 Aaron N. Kaplan & Lenhart Schubert (Rochester): 
                  Simulative Inference in a Computational Model of Belief

    16.50 - 17.25 Wlodek  Zadrozny  (Yorktown):   
                  Minimum description length and compositionality

    17.25 - 18.00 Rens Bod, Remko Bonnema & Remko Scha (Amsterdam): 
                  Data-Oriented Semantic Interpretation

    18.30         Conference dinner

                  Friday 10 January

    09.00 - 09.35 Marc Light (T"ubingen) & Lenhart Schubert (Rochester):  
                  Knowledge Representation for Lexical Semantics:  
                  Is Standard First Order Logic Enough?

    09.35 - 10.10 Patrick McGivern (Burnaby): Representing Generic
                  Bare Plurals in DRT

    10.10 - 10.30 break

    10.30 - 11.05 Frank Schilder (Edinburgh):  Tree Discourse Grammars
                  or How to get attached to a discourse

    11.05 - 11.40 Steffen Staab & Udo Hahn (Freiburg): A Semantic
                  Copying Model for Understanding Comparatives

    11.40 - 12.25 Jerry Hobbs (SRI): A General Theory of Parallellism 
                  and the Specific Case of VP-Ellipsis (invited talk)

    12.25         Closing


Mario Borillo, Harry Bunt (chair), Robin Cooper, Jan van Eijck, 
Giacomo Ferrari, Erhard Hinrichs, Megumi Kameyama, Daniel Kayser, 
Paul Mc Kevitt, John McCarthy, Reinhard Muskens, John Nerbonne, 
Martha Palmer, Stanley Peters, Manfred Pinkal, Steve Pulman, James 
Pustejovsky, Allan Ramsay, Uwe Reyle, Lenhart Schubert, Jerry Seligman, 
Ronini Srihari, Mark Steedman, Enric Vallduvi, Wlodek Zadrozny 

Harry Bunt, Leen Kievit, Reinhard Muskens, Margriet Verlinden. 

Anne Adriaensen 
Tilburg University, Dept. of Linguistics 
PO Box 90153 
5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands 
Phone: +31-13-466.30.60 
Fax: +31-13-466.31.10 
To register, fill out the form on the IWCS Registration Web page:
or fill out the registration form below and send it to the
organizing secretariat, either by email or regular mail.

The regular registration fee is 325 guilders. 
This includes lunches and a reception on the first day.

Undergraduate students can participate for a reduced fee of 
50 Dutch guilders.
The reduced fee covers only participation in the workshop sessions,
a copy of the proceedings, and refreshments in the breaks.

Extra copies of the proceedings can be purchased at the workshop or 
ordered from the workshop secretariat for 40 Dutch guilders plus costs 
of shipment.

It is also possible to make hotel reservations, see the hotel
reservation form on the IWCS Web pages, or the hotel reservation 
form below. 


Second International Workshop on Computational Semantics (IWCS II) 
January 8, 9 and 10, 1997, Tilburg University, The Netherlands 
Name         ........................................................... 
Title        ........................................................... 
Institute/Department ................................................... 
University/Company ..................................................... 
Address      ........................................................... 
Telephone    .............................Fax:..........................    
Email address........................................................... 

0 Bank transfer in Dutch guilders to bank account 45 50 46 042 of 
  ABN AMRO Bank, Tilburg, 
  * Please mention code 800.69, Computational Semantics II,
    Tilburg University, Faculty of Arts; (in Dutch: KUB, Fac. Letteren)
    your name and address; 
  * Calculate transfer charges, as we must receive the full   
    registration fee. Any shortfall in fees will have to be paid 
    on arrival in Tilburg.

0 Giro transfer to Dutch Postal Giro account 23 86 602. 
* Please mention code 800.69, Computational Semantics II,
  Tilburg University, Faculty of Arts; (in Dutch: KUB, Fac. Letteren)
  your name and address, if not printed on the form you use.

0 In Dutch guilders upon arrival at Tilburg University.

0 Please charge my credit card for the amount of Dfl ........
  0 MasterCard  
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  0 American Express 
Credit card number  ....................... Expir. date .......... 
Card holder's name  .............................................. 
Signature: ....................................................... 
NOTE: VISA cards will not be accepted. 
      If paying with credit card, do not send this form by email but
      by regular mail or fax. 

Send this registration form to: 

Anne Adriaensen 
Tilburg University, Dept. of Linguistics 
P.O. Box 90153 
5000 LE  TILBURG, The Netherlands 
Phone: +31-13-466.30.60, Fax : +31 13 466.31.10 

***                                                                  ***
***  NOTE:                                                           ***
***  From December 20 to January 5, the university in Tilburg will   ***
***  be closed. In this period you can only reach us by email.       ***
***  For matters of great urgency, you can contact Harry Bunt at     ***
***  home: phone +31-40-243.95.85; fax +31-40-243.45.07.             ***
***                                                                  ***

                  HOTEL RESERVATION FORM 
Second International Workshop on Computational Semantics (IWCS II) 
January 8, 9 and 10, 1997 
Tilburg University, The Netherlands 
                     HOTEL INFORMATION 
A number of rooms have been reserved at the following hotels: 

0 Hotel Mercure (city center) 
        Dfl. 155,00  per night

0 Hotel Lindeboom (city center) 
        Dfl. 115,00 per night

0 Hotel De Postelse Hoeve (situated in the north of Tilburg) 
        Dfl. 130,00-150,00 per night 
        (Dfl. 117,00 in case of full hotel occupation) 
        * 5 minutes to the university by bus (lines 46,47) 
        * 10 minutes to the city center by bus (lines 41,42,127)

0 Hotel Central (city center) 
        Dfl. 60,00 per night  
        * very simple place

* All prices include breakfast 
Please make a hotel reservation for the following nights: 
0    January ......... up until January .........1997 
Your name:........................................... 

Send this reservation form to: 
Anne Adriaensen 
Tilburg University, Dept. of Linguistics 
P.O. Box 90153 
5000 LE  TILBURG, The Netherlands 
Phone: +31-13-466.30.60  
Fax :  +31-13-466.31.10 

Drs L.A. Kievit       
Linguistics Faculty, Room B 306, Tilburg University
PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands           Phone +31-13-4662970

Reports On Conferences, Workshops, Etc.

  1. Computational Linguistics in the Netherlands CLIN-VII 1996
  2. Sinn und Bedeutung 1996

Computational Linguistics in the Netherlands CLIN-VII 1996

This year CLIN took place on November 15, 1996 at the Institute of Perception Research, Eindhoven. The following HPSG-related talks were delivered:

WWW site:

Sinn und Bedeutung 1996

The first annual conference of the Gesellschaft f"ur Semantik, `Sinn und Bedeutung', took place in Tübingen on 19-21.December 1996. The following HPSG-related talk was delivered:


  1. Recent Moves
  2. HPSG Activities at IBM Heidelberg Called Off
  3. HPSG Bibliography

Recent Moves

HPSG Activities at IBM Heidelberg Called Off (from Stefan Geissler)

For the last three years HPSG has been the underlying framework for research and implementation efforts conducted at the Scientific Center of IBM Germany in Heidelberg as part of the Verbmobil project. In Verbmobil, a government-funded speech-to-speech translation project, some 30 institutions, both industrial and academic, have implemented a prototype version of a system for the translation of spontaneous speech in negotiation dialogues between German and Japanese speakers.

As one of the largest contractors in the project, the Verbmobil group in Heidelberg contributed mainly in the areas syntactic and semantic analysis where a large German grammar in the spirit of HPSG was implemented. Following a redirection of IBM's worldwide priorities in research activities, the second phase of Verbmobil will take place without further contributions from the Heidelberg group which, consisting mostly of fixed-term contractors, will consequently be dissolved by the end of 1996 with most of the people leaving Heidelberg and IBM.

To us it seems as if one can observe a general trend away from the usage of large-scale declarative grammars in natural-language understanding projects, although in this case of course the decision had absolutely nothing to do with the specific approach we had adopted. The IBM group had initially joined the Verbmobil project with a proposal very much in the 'parsing as deduction' paradigm and subsequently moved more and more into a direction where chart-parsing techniques together with various statistical methods were combined in the analysis task. In a similar vein, the plans for the second phase of Verbmobil emphasize the growing importance of statistically-based methods for machine translation. The Siemens group in Munich which contributed a second large unification-based grammar and a chart-parser to the syntactic and semantic analysis has also announced a shift of focus towards the investigation of 'flat' syntactic analyses for the second phase of Verbmobil.

So, while it seems that sophisticated language technology approaches a level of maturity that allows for the design of more and more interesting NLP systems, it is as yet unclear, to which extent large scale declarative generative (linguistically sound) grammars will play the central role here that one might have expected some years ago. Taking the future fields of work of the members of the Heidelberg group might serve as an illustration. While a surprisingly large proportion of these researchers will continue to do NLP related work in one way or the other, activities with a clear link to the generative grammar tradition are rare. (People will be doing work in natural-language-driven specification of computer programming, text-mining, evaluation of NLP systems, speech recognition and (oh yes!) semantic analysis and transfer in other Verbmobil locations).

Anyway: "One of the most active HPSG research groups" (as the editors chose to flatter us) says Good-Bye to the HPSG community. We will of course continue to follow the fate of HPSG and the people involved in it and we will definitely continue to run into all of you at conferences and workshops everywhere.

Take care, have fun and freundliche Gruesse,

Stefan Geissler

(this is a personal statement and does not necessarily represent the views of my employer)

HPSG Bibliography

The URL address of the HPSG Bibliography site by Stefan Mueller has changed to

Ph.D. Projects

Wei Li, Simon Frazer University

Implementation and Application of an HPSG-style Chinese Grammar

Wei LI

Linguistics Department
Simon Fraser University,
Burnaby, B.C. V5A 1S6, Canada


Key words: lexicalist approach, reversible grammar, Chinese parsing, Chinese generation, bidirectional machine translation, HPSG

Unification grammars have been studied both in computational linguistics and theoretical linguistics. Implementations of such grammars for English are being used in a wide variety of application. Attempts also have been made to write Chinese unification grammars, but so far there is no significant breakthrough. One important reason is that we are lacking in serious study on Chinese lexical base and often jump too soon for linguistic generalization.

In our new attempt to build a constraint-based Chinese unification grammar, we take lexicalist approaches. Except for a few universal phrase structure rules, we do not presuppose any linguistic generalization for Chinese. Instead, we started with individ ual words in lexicon and have gradually built a lexical hierarchy and the Chinese grammar prototype. This research is taken in the general spirit of the modern linguistic theory Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG, proposed by Carl Pollard & Ivan S ag).

What we have implemented is a substantial Chinese computational grammar prototype. It covers all basic Chinese syntactic structures. Particular attention is paid to the handling of function words and verb patterns. The grammar formalism which we use to code our grammar is ALE, a unification-based grammar compiler on top of Prolog, developed by Bob Carpenter, Carnegie Mellon University.

One important benefit of a constraint-based unification grammar is that the same grammar (so-called reversible grammar) can be used both for parsing and generation. Grammar reversibility is a highly desired feature for multi-lingual machine translation application and for making the system modular. Following this line, we have successfully applied our grammar to the experiment of bi-directional machine translation between English and Chinese. The machine translation system developed in our Natural Language Lab is based on shake-and-bake design (proposed by P. Whitelock and Mike Reape). We used the same three grammar modules (Chinese grammar, English grammar and the bilingual transfer grammar) and the same corpus (200 sentences of various types) for the experiment. The experimental results are encouraging.

Bibliographic Information

The following is the alphabetical list of the bibliographical information submitted to Stefan Mueller's HPSG Bibliography page at

since the previous issue of the Gazette. The full HPSG bibliography, including the HPSG bibliography started at OSU, can be found at the above address.

        address      = "Stanford",
        author       = "Valerio Allegranza",
        booktitle    = "Romance in HPSG",
        editor       = "Sergio Balari and Luca Dini",
        publisher    = "CSLI Publications",
        title        = "Determiners as functors: NP structure in Italian",
        year         = "in press"} 
        address      = "Warsaw, Poland",
        author       = "Leonard Bolc and Krzysztof Czuba and Anna
                        Kup{\'s}{\'c} and Ma{\l}gorzata Marciniak
                        and Agnieszka Mykowiecka and Adam
        email        = "",
        homepage     = "",
        institution  = "Institute of Computer Science, Polish
                        Academy of Sciences", 
        month        = "oct",
        number       = "814",
        title        = "A Survey of Systems for Implementing HPSG
        url          = "",
        year         = "1996"} 

        address      = "Prag",
        author       = "Gosse Bouma",
        booktitle    = "Proceedings of Formal Grammar 96",
        homepage     = "",
        title        = "Extraposition as a Nonlocal Dependency",
        url          = "",
        year         = "1996"} 
        address      = "Prag",
        author       = "Gosse Bouma and Gertjan van Noord",
        booktitle    = "Proceedings of Formal Grammar 96",
        title        = "Word Order Constraints on German Verb Clusters",
        url          = "",
        year         = "1996"} 
        address      = "Scotland",
        author       = "Elisabeth Engdahl and Enric Vallduv{\'\i}",
        booktitle    = "Edinburgh Working Papers in Cognitive Science,
                        Vol.~12: Studies in {HPSG}", 
        chapter      = "1",
        editor       = "Claire Grover and Enric Vallduv{\'\i}",
        month        = "May",
        pages        = "1--32",
        publisher    = "Centre for Cognitive Science, University of
        title        = "Information Packaging in {HPSG}",
        url          = "",
        year         = "1996"} 
        address      = "Scotland",
        author       = "Claire Grover",
        booktitle    = "Edinburgh Working Papers in Cognitive Science,
                        Vol.~12: Studies in {HPSG}", 
        chapter      = "2",
        editor       = "Claire Grover and Enric Vallduv{\'\i}",
        month        = "May",
        pages        = "33--69",
        publisher    = "Centre for Cognitive Science, University of
        title        = "Parasitic Gaps and Coordination in {HPSG}",
        url          = "",
        year         = "1996"} 
        address      = "Scotland",
        author       = "Zelal G{\"u}ng{\"o}rd{\"u}",
        booktitle    = "Edinburgh Working Papers in Cognitive Science,
                        Vol.~12: Studies in {HPSG}", 
        chapter      = "3",
        editor       = "Claire Grover and Enric Vallduv{\'\i}",
        month        = "May",
        pages        = "71--119",
        publisher    = "Centre for Cognitive Science, University of
        title        = "An {HPSG} Analysis of {Turkish} Relative Clauses",
        url          = "",
        year         = "1996"} 
        author       = "Stephan H\"ohne",
        email        = "",
        school       = "Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universit\"at Frankfurt",
        title        = "Wortstellung in deutsche Infinitiven: Konzeption
                        eines Parsers auf der Basis von typisierten
                        Merkmalstrukturen und HPSG und Implementierung in
                        einer constraint-basierten logischen
        year         = "1996"} 

        address      = "Scotland",
        author       = "Dimitra Kolliakou",
        booktitle    = "Edinburgh Working Papers in Cognitive Science,
                        Vol.~12: Studies in {HPSG}", 
        chapter      = "4",
        email        = "",
        editor       = "Claire Grover and Enric Vallduv{\'\i}",
        month        = "May",
        pages        = "121--163",
        publisher    = "Centre for Cognitive Science, University of
        title        = "Definiteness and the Make-up of Nominal Categories",
        url          = "",
        year         = "1996"} 
        address      = "Scotland",
        author       = "Dong-Young Lee",
        booktitle    = "Edinburgh Working Papers in Cognitive Science,
                        Vol.~12: Studies in {HPSG}", 
        chapter      = "5",
        editor       = "Claire Grover and Enric Vallduv{\'\i}",
        month        = "May",
        pages        = "165--190",
        publisher    = "Centre for Cognitive Science, University of
        title        = "An {HPSG} Account of the {Korean} Honorification
        url          = "",
        year         = "1996"} 
        address      = "Berlin, New York",
        author       = "Stefan M{\"u}ller",
        booktitle    = "Natural Language Processing and Speech
                        Technology. Results of the 3rd KONVENS Conference,
                        Bielefeld, October 1996", 
        email        = "",
        editor       = "Dafydd Gibbon",
        homepage     = "",
        pages        = "223--236",
        publisher    = "Mouton de Gruyter",
        title        = "Complement Extraction Lexical Rules and Argument
        url          = "",
        year         = "1996"} 
        address      = "Department of Linguistics, Adam Ferguson
                        Building, George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9LL
        author       = "Stephen Nightingale",
        email        = "",
        homepage     = "",
        month        = "September",
        note         = "URL points to HTML and Postscript (500K)
        school       = "Edinburgh University",
        title        = "An HPSG Account of the Japanese Copula and
                        Other Phenomena", 
        url          = "",
        year         = "1996"} 

        author       = "Frieder Stolzenburg",
        email        = "",
        homepage     = "",
        school       = "University of Koblenz-Landau",
        title        = "Typisierte Merkmalstrukturen und HPSG. Eine
                        Erweiterung von UBS in SEPIA [Typed feature
                        structures and HPSG. An extension of UBS in
        url          = "",
        year         = "1992"} 
        author       = "Frieder Stolzenburg",
        email        = "",
        homepage     = "",
        institution  = "University of Koblenz-Landau",
        number       = "2/92",
        title        = "UBS--A Unification-Based Language for the
                        Implementation of {HPSG}", 
        type         = "Fachberichte Informatik",
        url          = "",
        year         = "1992"}

        address      = "Nancy",
        author       = "Frieder Stolzenburg and Stephan H{\"o}hne and
                        Ulrich Koch and Martin Volk", 
        booktitle    = "Proceedings of the Conference on Logical Aspects of
                        Computational Linguistics", 
        email        = "",
        editor       = "Christian Retor{\'e}",
        homepage     = "",
        month        = "September",
        organization = "INRIA Lorraine and CRIN-C.N.R.S.",
        pages        = "19-23",
        title        = "Constraint Logic Programming for Computational
        url          = "",
        year         = "1996"} 

        address      = "Nancy",
        author       = "Frieder Stolzenburg and Stephan H{\"o}hne and
                        Ulrich Koch and Martin Volk", 
        booktitle    = "Proceedings of the Conference on Logical Aspects of
                        Computational Linguistics", 
        email        = "",
        editor       = "Christian Retor{\'e}",
        homepage     = "",
        month        = "September",
        pages        = "19-23",
        title        = "Constraint Logic Programming for Computational
        url          = "",
        year         = "1996"} 
        author       = "Cornelia Maria Verspoor",
        booktitle    = "Studies in Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar",
        chapter      = "7",
        email        = "",
        homepage     = "",
        pages        = "229-271",
        publisher    = "Centre for Cognitive Science, University of
        title        = "A Perspective on PPs",
        url          = "",
        volume       = "12",
        year         = "1996"} 

        author       = "Sh{\^{u}}ichi Yatabe",
        booktitle    = "Formal Approaches to Japanese Linguistics 2",
        email        = "",
        homepage     = "",
        publisher    = "MIT Working Papers in Linguistics",
        title        = "Long-distance scrambling via partial compaction",
        url          = "",
        year         = "in press"} 

        author       = "Shûichi Yatabe",
        booktitle    = "Formal Approaches to Japanese Linguistics",
        email        = "",
        homepage     = "",
        organization = "MIT Working Papers in Linguistics",
        title        = "Long-distance scrambling via partial compaction",
        url          = "",
        year         = "in press"} 

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