My research concentrates on three inter-related aspects:

  • (Computational Approaches to) Information Structure
  • Short Answer Assessment
  • NLP for Educational Applications



Kordula De Kuthy, Ramon Ziai, and Detmar Meurers. Focus annotation of task-based data: a comparison of expert and crowd-sourced annotation in a reading comprehension corpus. In Proceedings of the 10th Edition of the Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC), pages 3928--3934, Portoro┼ż, Slovenia, 2016. [ bib | .pdf ]

Ramon Ziai, Kordula De Kuthy, and Detmar Meurers. Approximating Givenness in Content Assessment through Distributional Semantics. In Proceedings of the Fifth Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics (*SEM), pages 209--218, Berlin, Germany, 2016. ACL. [ bib | .pdf ]

Kordula De Kuthy, Ramon Ziai, and Detmar Meurers. Focus annotation of task-based data: Establishing the quality of crowd annotation. In Proceedings of the 10th Linguistic Annotation Workshop held in conjunction with ACL 2016 (LAW-X 2016), pages 110--119, Berlin, Germany, 2016. ACL. [ bib | .pdf ]


Björn Rudzewitz and Ramon Ziai. CoMiC: Adapting a short answer assessment system for answer selection. In Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation (SemEval 2015), pages 247--251. Association for Computational Linguistics, 2015. [ bib | http ]

Ramon Ziai and Björn Rudzewitz. CoMiC: Exploring text segmentation and similarity in the English Entrance Exams task. In Linda Cappellato, Nicola Ferro, Gareth J. F. Jones, and Eric San Juan, editors, Working Notes of CLEF 2015 -- Conference and Labs of the Evaluation forum, volume 1391 of CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2015. [ bib | .pdf ]

Kordula De Kuthy, Ramon Ziai, and Detmar Meurers. Learning what the crowd can do: A case study on focus annotation. In Proceedings of the 6th Conference on Quantitative Investigations in Theoretical Linguistics. Universität Tübingen, 2015. [ bib | http ]


Derrick Higgins, Chris Brew, Michael Heilman, Ramon Ziai, Lei Chen, Aoife Cahill, Michael Flor, Nitin Madnani, Joel R. Tetreault, Daniel Blanchard, Diane Napolitano, Chong Min Lee, and John Blackmore. Is getting the right answer just about choosing the right words? the role of syntactically-informed features in short answer scoring. Computation and Language, 2014. [ bib | arXiv | http ]

Albert Wall, Niels Ott, Ramon Ziai, and Björn Rudzewitz. Macunaíma as a data source for the distribution and interpretation of bare NPs in Brazilian Portuegese: Corpus preparation and first annotation agreement results. Poster at the Third International Conference on Ibero-Romance Historical Corpora (CODILI 3), 6 2014. [ bib | http ]

Ramon Ziai and Detmar Meurers. Focus annotation in reading comprehension data. In Proceedings of the 8th Linguistic Annotation Workshop (LAW VIII, 2014), pages 159--168, Dublin, Ireland, 2014. COLING, Association for Computational Linguistics. [ bib | .pdf ]


Niels Ott, Ramon Ziai, Michael Hahn, and Detmar Meurers. CoMeT: Integrating different levels of linguistic modeling for meaning assessment. In Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation (SemEval), pages 608--616, Atlanta, GA, 2013. Association for Computational Linguistics. [ bib | .pdf ]


Niels Ott, Ramon Ziai, and Detmar Meurers. Creation and analysis of a reading comprehension exercise corpus: Towards evaluating meaning in context. In Thomas Schmidt and Kai Wörner, editors, Multilingual Corpora and Multilingual Corpus Analysis, Hamburg Studies in Multilingualism (HSM), pages 47--69. Benjamins, Amsterdam, 2012. [ bib | .html ]

Ramon Ziai, Niels Ott, and Detmar Meurers. Short answer assessment: Establishing links between research strands. In Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications (BEA-7) at NAACL-HLT 2012, pages 190--200, Montreal, June 2012. ACL. [ bib | .pdf ]


Luiz Amaral, Detmar Meurers, and Ramon Ziai. Analyzing learner language: Towards a flexible NLP architecture for intelligent language tutors. Computer-Assisted Language Learning, 24(1):1--16, 2011. [ bib | .html ]

Detmar Meurers, Ramon Ziai, Niels Ott, and Stacey Bailey. Integrating parallel analysis modules to evaluate the meaning of answers to reading comprehension questions. IJCEELL. Special Issue on Automatic Free-text Evaluation, 21(4):355--369, 2011. [ bib | .html ]

Detmar Meurers, Ramon Ziai, Niels Ott, and Janina Kopp. Evaluating answers to reading comprehension questions in context: Results for German and the role of information structure. In Proceedings of the TextInfer 2011 Workshop on Textual Entailment, pages 1--9, Edinburgh, July 2011. ACL. [ bib | .pdf ]

Johannes Widmann, Kurt Kohn, and Ramon Ziai. The SACODEYL search tool -- exploiting corpora for language learning purposes. In Ana Frankenberg-Garcia, Lynne Flowerdew, and Guy Aston, editors, New Trends in Corpora and Language Learning, volume 14 of Corpora and Discourse, chapter 10, pages 167--178. Continuum International Publishing Group, London and New York, 2011. [ bib ]


Detmar Meurers, Niels Ott, and Ramon Ziai. Compiling a task-based corpus for the analysis of learner language in context. In Pre-Proceedings of Linguistic Evidence, pages 214--217, Tübingen, 2010. [ bib | .html ]

Detmar Meurers, Ramon Ziai, Luiz Amaral, Adriane Boyd, Aleksandar Dimitrov, Vanessa Metcalf, and Niels Ott. Enhancing authentic web pages for language learners. In Proceedings of the 5th Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications (BEA-5) at NAACL-HLT 2010, pages 10--18, Los Angeles, 2010. [ bib | .pdf ]

Niels Ott and Ramon Ziai. Evaluating dependency parsing performance on German learner language. In Markus Dickinson, Kaili Müürisep, and Marco Passarotti, editors, Proceedings of the Ninth International Workshop on Treebanks and Linguistic Theories, volume 9 of NEALT Proceeding Series, pages 175--186, 2010. [ bib | http ]


Ramon Ziai. A flexible annotation-based architecture for intelligent language tutoring systems. Master's thesis, Universität Tübingen, Seminar für Sprachwissenschaft, April 2009. [ bib | .pdf ]